The human mouth is full of bacteria. This bacteria, combined with saliva, mucus and other particles can create plaque on the teeth. This substance is colorless and sticky. Flossing and brushing daily can help remove a lot of plaque from the teeth, but when it is not removed quickly, it can become hard. This harden plaque is known as tartar. Tartar can only be removed professionally by a dentist or a dental hygienist. Unfortunately, if the tartar is not removed, it can further complicate issues and a person may need periodontal treatment.
Periodontal disease is considered to be an opportunistic disease. It thrives on such agents such as tartar and dental plaque, as well as other factors such as genetics, environmental and risk factors. This type of disease can range from a simple infection to major disease that can cause damage to the soft tissue in your mouth. It can also affect the bone that supports your teeth.
In a worst case scenario, a periodontal treatment will not be effective, and you may still lose your teeth.
Who Is At Risk Of Developing Periodontal Disease?
Typically, most people do not begin to show signs of gum disease until they are in their late 30s or early 40s. Women are usually not predisposed to gum disease, but men have shown to be. Even though teenagers do not usually develop periodontal disease, they can develop symptoms related to gingivitis. Usually, gum disease will only become an issue if tartar and plaque is allowed to accumulate and grow under the gum line.
The Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
There are several symptoms of periodontal disease that you need to be aware of. If you are experiencing these symptoms, you should schedule an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.
These symptoms include:
• Loose teeth
• Pain when chewing
• Sensitive teeth
• Swollen gums
• Red gums
• Bad breath
• Receding gums
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
The primary goal of treating periodontal disease is to prevent the infection from spreading. However, the actual method of treatment will vary depending on a patient’s specific needs. Whatever method the dentist chooses, it is critical that you maintain good oral hygiene once you return home.
A study published in 2013 stated that the outcome of the treatment will depend on several factors including how the level of oral care at home, the progression of the disease and whether the patient smokes or uses tobacco products. These factors can increase or slow down the chances of success.
Deep cleaning is a common treatment for periodontal disease. This is a technique that is known as root planning or scaling. It removes the tartar from the teeth and gums, and also removes the bacteria that are responsible for gum disease. Some dentists have started using lasers to aid in removing the plaque and tartar. This method helps to minimize discomfort, bleeding and swelling.
Good oral health is important not only to maintain your appearance, but your overall health and well-being. If you are noticing signs of periodontal disease or plaque buildup, consult with a dentist to determine if you need a periodontal treatment.